A common skin condition, melasma causes brown and grayish-brown spots on the forehead, nose, cheeks, upper lip, and chin. While the exact cause of melasma remains unclear, hormonal changes and sun exposure have been shown to over-stimulate the production of pigment cells. Hormones trigger and worsen melasma during pregnancy, with the use of birth control pills, or from hormone replacement therapy. UV exposure can also make melasma worse in the summer and can cause it to return quickly after treatment.
Melasma is most common in women and patients of North African, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, Indian, Asian, or Hispanic or Latino descent. It is diagnosed clinically by a dermatologist during a skin exam. Treatment varies depending on the location of melasma, and it can be challenging if the pigment extends deeply into the skin layers. Dr. Michael J. Messina may recommend a combination of treatments, such as avoidance of skin irritants, excellent sun protection, bleaching and lightening creams, hormone adjustment, and light or laser treatments.
We understand that melasma is a significant source of frustration, and we are eager to help you devise a successful treatment plan to manage your condition. Learn more about treatments for melasma in Palm Desert, California, today by contacting Dermatology & Plastic Surgery Specialists at 760-773-6616.